Lena Ting, PhD


Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine


Emory University & Georgia Institute of Technology Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering

Principal Investigator

Neuromechanics Laboratory


  • BS, University of California, Berkeley, 1990
  • MSE, Stanford University, 1993
  • PhD, Stanford University, 1998



  • University of California Berkley Miller Visiting Research Professorship, 2008
  • Biomedical Engineering Society, Georgia Institute of Technology Chapter Above and Beyond Award, 2007
  • American Physiological Society Arthur C. Guyton Award for Excellence in Integrative Physiology, 2007
  • Georgia Institute of Technology Junior Faculty Teaching Award, 2006
  • Georgia Institute of Technology Biomedical Engineering Student Advisory Board Teaching Excellence Award, 2004
  • World Congress of Biomechanics Journal of Biomechanics Award finalist, 2002
  • NIH F32 National Research Service Award, 1999
  • Life Science Research Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, 1999-2002
  • French Ministry of Foreign Affairs Chateaubriand Postdoctoral Fellowship, 1997-98
  • National Science Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship, 1991-94
  • University of California, Berkeley President's Undergraduate Research Fellowship, 1990
  • Tau Beta Pi Engineering Honor Society Induction, 1989
  • Associated Western Universities Undergraduate Research Fellowship, 1988
  • Pi Tau Sigma Mechanical Engineering Honor Society Induction, 1988
  • University of California, Berkeley Honorary Chancellor's Scholarship, 1986-90
  • University of California, Berkeley Drake Scholarship in Mechanical Engineering, 1986-90

Society Memberships

  • American Physiological Society
  • American Society of Biomechanics
  • International Society for Posture and Gait Research
  • International Society of Motor Control  
  • Neural Control of Movement Society
  • Society for Neuroscience


Dr. Ting's research leads the emerging field of neuromechanics and seeks to understand how the brain and body interact to produce normal and impaired movement. Her research integrates neuroscience, biomechanics, robotics, rehabilitation, and physiology. Her work reveals general principles for biological movement with direct applications for enhancing rehabilitation and robotics. 


  • Puntkattalee, M.J., Whitmire, C.J., Macklin, A.S., Stanley, G.B., Ting, L.H.* Directional acuity of whole-body perturbations during standing balance. Gait and Posture. Submitted December 7, 2015.
  • Sohn, M.H., Ting, L.H.* Suboptimal muscle synergy activation patterns generalize their motor function across postures. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. Resubmitted November 24, 2015
  • McKay, J.L., Ting, L.H., Hackney, M.E., Adapted tango alters center of mass displacement and muscular activity during reactive balance in individuals with Parkinson’s disease, Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. Resubmitted November 23, 2015
  • Sawers, A., Allen, J.L., Ting L.H.* (in press) Long-term training modifies the modular structure and organization of walking balance control. Journal of Neurophysiology. 
  • Simpson, C.S., Sohn, M.H., Allen, J.L., Ting, L.H.* (2015) Feasible Muscle Activation Ranges Based on Inverse Dynamics Analyses of Human Walking, Journal of Biomechanics 48(12):2990-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.07.037.
  • Chen, T.L., Bhattacharjee, T., McKay, J.L., Hackney, M.E., Borinski, Ting, L.H., Kemp, C.C., (2015) Dance with me: Human-robot partnered stepping based on haptic communication. PLoS ONE, 10(5):e0125179.
  • Sawers, A, Ting L.H. (2015) Beam walking can detect differences in walking balance proficiency across a range of sensorimotor abilities, Gait and Posture, 41(2):619-23.
  • Bolger, D., Sawers, A, Ting, L.H. (2014) Individuals with transtibial limb loss use interlimb force asymmetries to maintain multi-directional reactive balance control, Clinical Biomechanics, Nov;29(9):1039-47.
  • Welch, T.D.J., Ting, L.H.* (2014) Mechanisms of adaptation in reactive balance control. PLoS ONE, May 8;9(5):e96440, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096440.
  • Hayes, H.B., Chvatal, S.A., French, M.A., Ting, L.H., Trumbower, R.D. (2014) Neuromuscular constraints on muscle coordination during overground walking in persons with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury. Clinical Neurophysiology 125(10):2024-35 doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2014.02.001.

Review Articles

  • (invited) Ting, L.H.*, Chiel, H.J., Trumbower, R.D., Allen, J.L., McKay, J.L., Hackney, M.E. Kesar, T.M. (2015) Neuromechanical principles underlying movement modularity and their implications for rehabilitation. Neuron, 86:38-54.
  • Sawers, A.,Ting, L.H.* (2014) Perspectives on Human-Human Sensorimotor Interactions for the Design of Rehabilitation Robots. Journal of Neural Engineering and Rehabilitation, Oct 6;11:142. doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-142.
  • (invited) Ting, L.H.*, Chvatal, S.A., Safavynia, S.A., McKay, J.L. (2012) Neuromechanical considerations for predicting muscle activation patterns for movement. International Journal of Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, Oct 28(10):1003-14.
  • (invited) Safavynia, S.A., Torres-Oviedo, G., Ting L.H.* (2011) Muscle synergies: implications for clinical evaluation and rehabilitation of movement. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 17(1), 16-24.
  • (invited) Chiel H.J., Ting, L.H., Ekeberg, O., Hartmann, M.J.  (2009) The Brain in its Body: Motor Control and Sensing in a Biomechanical Context. Journal of Neuroscience, 29(41):12807–12814.
  • (invited) Ting, L.H.*, van Antwerp, K.V., Scrivens, J.E., McKay, J.L., Welch, T.D., Bingham, J.T., Deweerth, S.P. (2009) Neuromechanical tuning of nonlinear postural control dynamics. Chaos, 19(2):026111.
  • (invited) Ting, L.H.* (2007) "Dimensional reduction in sensorimotor systems: a framework for understanding muscle coordination of posture". In Computational Neuroscience: Theoretical Insights into Brain Function, Cisek, P., Drew, T. & Kalaska, J.F. (eds), Progress In Brain Research, 165:299-321, Amsterdam: Elsevier. 
  • (invited) Ting, L.H.*, McKay, J.L. (2007) Neuromechanics of muscle synergies for posture and movement. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 17(6):622-628. 

Symposium Contributions

  • Sundar, K., Ting, L.H., Deweerth, S.P. (2006) Passive dynamics of a hybrid neuromechanical joint incorporating living muscle. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2006. EMBS '06. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, Vol., Iss., Aug. 2006, p. 4486-4489.
  • Scrivens, J.E., Ting, L.H., Deweerth, S.P. (2006) Effects of stance width on control gain in standing balance Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. EMBS '06. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, Vol., Iss., Aug. 2006, p 4055-4057.
  • Torres-Oveido, G., Macpherson J.M. Ting L.H.* (2005) Muscle synergies robustly control forces for balance control. Neural Engineering, 2005. Conference Proceedings. 2nd International IEEE EMBS Conference on, Vol., Iss., March 16-19, 2005 p.190-191.
  • Ting, L.H., Kautz, S.A., Brown, D.A., and Zajac, F.E., (1999) Bilateral integration of sensorimotor signaling during pedaling. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 860:513-516.
  • Full, R.J., Tu, M.S., and Ting, L.H. (1990) Insect mechanics as compared to hexapod walking machines. Issues in the Modeling and Control of Biomechanical Systems, ASME DSC-Vol. 17, p.35-39.

Book Chapters

  • Ting, L.H.*, Chiel, H.J. (2015) “Chapter 12: Muscle, biomechanics, and implications for neural control” In The Neurobiology of Motor Control: Fundamental Concepts and New Directions, Hooper, S. L., Büschges, A. (eds), Wiley, New York. 
  • Ting, L.H.*, Allen, J.L. (2014) “Neuromechanics of Postural Control” In Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience, Jaeger, D., Jung, R. (eds), Springer Science+Business Media, New York. 
  • Allen, J.L., Ting, L.H.* (2015) “Why is neuromechanical modeling of posture and locomotion so hard?” In Neuromechanical Modeling of Posture and Locomotion, Prilutsky, B.I, Edwards, D.H. (eds), Springer, Berlin, in press. 
  • Ting, L.H.*, Chvatal, S.A. (2011) “Decomposing muscle activity in motor tasks: methods and interpretation”. In Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications, Danion, F., Latash, M.L. (eds), Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Ting, L.H.*  (2008) “Postural Synergies”. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Binder, M.D., Hirokawa, N., Windhorst, U., Hirsch, M.C. (eds), Springer, Berlin.